Geological and mineral technologists and technicians provide technical support and services or may work independently in the fields of oil and gas exploration and production, geophysics, petroleum engineering, geology, mining and mining engineering, mineralogy, extractive and physical metallurgy, metallurgical engineering and environmental protection. They are employed by petroleum and mining companies, consulting geology and engineering firms, and by governments and educational institutions as well as by a variety of manufacturing, construction and utilities companies.
- Studies the earth’s crust by measuring responses to different types of sound and electromagnetic energy;
- Sets up controlled explosions to create measurable sound waves underground;
- Calculates and assesses information gathered from seismic measuring instruments;
- Interprets data from seismic sources to create 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional cross sections of the earth’s crust to locate oil-bearing strata;
- Develops maps of the Earth’s crust based on geological data;
- Works with engineers to determine where oil and gas deposits are located;
- Researches the best ways in in which oil or gas can be extracted from underground deposits;
- Employs a combination of well and seismic data to convert the time to takes for a sound wave to receive a receiver into measurements of depth;
- Measures the velocity of earthquakes;
- Evaluates past earthquakes to help predict future such events and estimate their potential strength;
- Employs scientific instruments to measure electrical fields, gravity fields and sound waves traveling through the earth;
- Works with reservoir engineers to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of a specific site;
- Interprets seismic data for environmental assessments and geological research.
Three-year college program in geological or metallurgical engineering technology