Mining and Mineral Processing Engineering
Mining and Mineral Processing Engineering integrates numerous aspects of geological, civil, mechanical, electrical, and industrial engineering together with knowledge of business and management to produce the full set of skills required to conduct modern mining operations. As the name implies, mining engineers are involved in all stages of the life of a mine from initial exploration, to mine design and construction, to operations, and in the end, to mine closure that is safe and environmentally sound. Once the mining engineer has brought ore to the surface, the mineral processing engineer begins to apply his or her skills to pry the valuable minerals from ore. A combination of physical and chemical processes is involved. This includes heating, dissolution, reduction or electrolysis. The experienced mineral processing engineer knows which combination of these processes will give the highest yield from which kind of ore. It is also noteworthy that mining and mineral processing engineering has application in far wider fields than just ore extraction. Mining engineers, in particular, can be found on civil engineering projects such as dams, tunnels, subways, subsurface storage facilities and underground shopping spaces.
Requirements for Engineering Licensure in Canada
If you are not licensed to work as an engineer in Canada you must be prepared to work under the direct supervision of a licensed professional engineer. To work independently you must obtain a P.Eng. designation awarded by one of the provincial or territorial engineering authorities whose role it is to govern the engineering profession in Canada. Although they differ slightly among the provinces and territories, the basic requirements for licensure are:
- An engineering degree awarded by a Canadian or Canadian equivalent university;
- A minimum of four years of relevant engineering experience of which one year must have been gained in Canada;
- Successful completion of a Professional Practice Examination;
- Canadian citizenship of proof of permanent residency in Canada;
- Be of good character as vouched for by three referees.
The process of obtaining your P. Eng. can start even before you arrive in Canada. Visit the Roadmap to Engineering in Canada at newcomers.engineerscanada.ca. This takes you to the Engineers Canada website. There you can link to the provincial or territorial body where you plan to work and obtain the necessary application forms and list of required documentation.
Alternative Careers in Engineering Technology
Engineering technicians and technologists may offer non-regulated engineering and technical services directly to the public. They must, however, work under the supervision of a Professional Engineer when providing professional engineering services to an employer or the public.
Technologists apply theoretical and practical methods to design, plan, develop, test, manufacture, construct, install, commission, operate and maintain engineered products, processes, systems and services. Technicians apply theoretical and practical methods to assist with the design, development, manufacturing, testing, construction, installation, commission, operation and maintenance of engineered products, processes, systems and services.
If your training and or work experience is in engineering but you chose not to become licensed as a professional engineer you may be qualified to work in a wide range of technology occupations as a professional technician or technologist. Discover the many alternative career pathways to rewarding and well paid occupations in engineering technology.