Metallurgical Engineering involves the processes and technologies used to extract useful ore from the Earth and to convert that ore into metals. This engineering discipline has three separate areas of expertise: physical metallurgy employs engineering practice in the application of metals to the needs of physical structures or manufacturing; mineral processing deals with mining of ore from the Earth’s crust; and extractive metallurgy relates to the design and development of machinery and processes that extract, refine and process metals from ore. The centrality of metals to our modern way of life cannot be overstated. We use metals to generate and distribute electricity; the machines that that electricity drives are made of metal; those machines create metal products; even things that do not have metal in them need metal to make them: bread is baked in a metal pan. And transportation is practically all metal. In a word, metallurgical engineers respond to the basic needs of our modern civilization by providing minerals and metals that have been created by processes that minimize waste and maximize energy efficiency.
Requirements for Engineering Licensure in Canada
If you are not licensed to work as an engineer in Canada you must be prepared to work under the direct supervision of a licensed professional engineer. To work independently you must obtain a P.Eng. designation awarded by one of the provincial or territorial engineering authorities whose role it is to govern the engineering profession in Canada. Although they differ slightly among the provinces and territories, the basic requirements for licensure are:
- An engineering degree awarded by a Canadian or Canadian equivalent university;
- A minimum of four years of relevant engineering experience of which one year must have been gained in Canada;
- Successful completion of a Professional Practice Examination;
- Canadian citizenship of proof of permanent residency in Canada;
- Be of good character as vouched for by three referees.
The process of obtaining your P. Eng. can start even before you arrive in Canada. Visit the Roadmap to Engineering in Canada at newcomers.engineerscanada.ca. This takes you to the Engineers Canada website. There you can link to the provincial or territorial body where you plan to work and obtain the necessary application forms and list of required documentation.
Alternative Careers in Engineering Technology
Engineering technicians and technologists may offer non-regulated engineering and technical services directly to the public. They must, however, work under the supervision of a Professional Engineer when providing professional engineering services to an employer or the public.
Technologists apply theoretical and practical methods to design, plan, develop, test, manufacture, construct, install, commission, operate and maintain engineered products, processes, systems and services. Technicians apply theoretical and practical methods to assist with the design, development, manufacturing, testing, construction, installation, commission, operation and maintenance of engineered products, processes, systems and services.
If your training and or work experience is in engineering but you chose not to become licensed as a professional engineer you may be qualified to work in a wide range of technology occupations as a professional technician or technologist. Discover the many alternative career pathways to rewarding and well paid occupations in engineering technology.