Marine engineering refers to the design and development of marine vessels and other floating structures such as oil rigs and offshore wind turbines. This does not only relate to the design of the boat or ship itself, but also to all mechanical and electrical sub-systems on a vessel. Included are the development of propulsion systems, piping, and the automation of control systems, to name but a few. In a shipyard, the marine engineer may be responsible for initial design plans, cost estimation, construction schedules and contract administration. She or he will also produce detailed drawings and schematics of the entire vessel or any of its subsystems. There is also a research and development component to the activities of a marine engineer. This may include analytical, environmental, operational, or performance studies in the course of designing marine engines, equipment, or structures. There is also management role to be played by marine engineers. They may be called upon to coordinate activities with regulatory bodies to ensure compliance with safety and environmental protection standards. Marine engineers will also work to support the research activities of oceanographers by, for example, facilitating access to remote sensing equipment and expertise.
Requirements for Engineering Licensure in Canada
If you are not licensed to work as an engineer in Canada you must be prepared to work under the direct supervision of a licensed professional engineer. To work independently you must obtain a P.Eng. designation awarded by one of the provincial or territorial engineering authorities whose role it is to govern the engineering profession in Canada. Although they differ slightly among the provinces and territories, the basic requirements for licensure are:
- An engineering degree awarded by a Canadian or Canadian equivalent university;
- A minimum of four years of relevant engineering experience of which one year must have been gained in Canada;
- Successful completion of a Professional Practice Examination;
- Canadian citizenship of proof of permanent residency in Canada;
- Be of good character as vouched for by three referees.
The process of obtaining your P. Eng. can start even before you arrive in Canada. Visit the Roadmap to Engineering in Canada at newcomers.engineerscanada.ca. This takes you to the Engineers Canada website. There you can link to the provincial or territorial body where you plan to work and obtain the necessary application forms and list of required documentation.
Alternative Careers in Engineering Technology
Engineering technicians and technologists may offer non-regulated engineering and technical services directly to the public. They must, however, work under the supervision of a Professional Engineer when providing professional engineering services to an employer or the public.
Technologists apply theoretical and practical methods to design, plan, develop, test, manufacture, construct, install, commission, operate and maintain engineered products, processes, systems and services. Technicians apply theoretical and practical methods to assist with the design, development, manufacturing, testing, construction, installation, commission, operation and maintenance of engineered products, processes, systems and services.
If your training and or work experience is in engineering but you chose not to become licensed as a professional engineer you may be qualified to work in a wide range of technology occupations as a professional technician or technologist. Discover the many alternative career pathways to rewarding and well paid occupations in engineering technology.