Civil Engineering Technology
Civil engineering technicians and technologists work with scientists, engineers and other professionals, or may work independently in fields such as structural engineering, municipal engineering, construction design and supervision, highways and transportation engineering, water resources engineering, geotechnical engineering and environmental protection. They are often employed by consulting engineering and construction companies, public works, transportation and other government departments and in a broad variety of industries.
- Civil Engineering Technologist
- Construction Technologist
- Construction Manager
- Construction Estimator
- Land Survey Technologist
- Environmental Engineering Technologist
- Municipal Engineering Technologist
- Structural Design Technologist
- Structural Analysis Technologist
- Structural Engineering Technologist
- Architectural Technologist
- Architectural Design Technologist
- Civil Engineering Technician
- Construction Technician
- Construction Inspector
- Land Survey Technician
- Drafting Technician
- Bridge Design Technician
- Environmental Engineering Technician
- Municipal Engineering Technician
- Materials Testing Technician
- Water Treatment Technician
- Urban Planning Technician
- Supervisor, Drafting Office
- Soil Mechanics Technician
- CAD/CAM Technician
- Structural Engineering Technician
- Architectural Technician
- Architectural Design Technician
- Municipal Engineering Assistant
- Specifications Writer, Construction Structural
- Design Technologist
- Water Treatment Technologist
- Structural Investigator
- Structural Steel Design Technologist
- Concrete Structures Design Technologist
- Eng. Design and Drafting Technologist
- Cost Estimator Technician
- Building Materials Technician
- Land Use Management Technician
- Structural Engineering Technician
- Structural Design Technician
- Engineering Drawings Technician
- Highway Technician
On the Job
Engineering technology professionals employ an applied approach to their work. They evaluate assignments, establish objectives, define problems, and determine procedures and actions to resolve problems. Tasks that civil engineering technicians and technologists do at work are:
- Develop engineering designs and drawings from preliminary concepts and sketches.
- Prepare construction specifications, cost and material estimates, project schedules and reports.
- Supervise or conduct field surveys, inspections or technical investigations of topography, soils, drainage and water supply systems, road and highway systems, buildings and structures to provide data for engineering projects.
- Conduct or supervise inspection and testing of construction materials.
- May supervise, monitor and inspect construction projects.
Education and Professional Requirements:
Certified engineering technicians and technologists typically come from an applied science or engineering background and have graduated from a certificate, diploma or degree program. Additionally, they must have completed at least two years of working experience in their chosen discipline, with one of those years of experience having been gained in Canada, and must have successfully completed a Professional Practice and Ethics examination.
The Certification Process
Individuals educated within Canada and those from overseas can apply for membership in a Canadian provincial technology association at any time. For internationally-trained candidates Canada’s provincial associations typically offer “Associate Membership” to those who have applied for certification and who:
- meet the general requirements of certification; and
- intend to apply for certification after they arrive or who have just settled in Canada; but
- do not yet meet the association’s academic standards and/or experience requirements, including one year of Canadian work experience or the equivalent.
Obtaining “Associate Membership” status within a provincial technology is an important first step to becoming certified in Canada which also offers other benefits. Candidates that obtain Associate Membership are given a letter from their Provincial Association that verifies that they have met certain requirements on the path to certification. This letter may then be used in their employment search to demonstrate their education and/or skills. Associate Membership in a provincial association also provides access to a network of professional piers and mentors that may assist with networking and developing job prospects.
Applying for Certification
To apply for certification as an applied science or engineering technician or technologist candidates must apply directly to the provincial technology association in the province in which they plan to work. The following steps must be completed before certification may be awarded:
- Submission of all supporting documentation (transcripts, resume, professional references, previous job descriptions, etc.) validating required academic and work experience;
- Completion of a Professional Practice Examination;
- Completion of a Technology Report (for certification as a technologist only);
- Meet a language proficiency requirement in one or both of Canada’s official languages.
Only after all supporting documentation is received from an applicant, will the certification arm of the provincial technology association begin evaluation of the academic and engineering technology experience of the candidate. To become a certified engineering technologist or certified technician candidates must have at least two years of satisfactory experience in engineering/applied science technology in which registration is being sought. For internationally trained applicants new to Canada, at least one year of this experience must be obtained in Canada before certification may be awarded.
The application review process determines if additional academic requirements and/or work experience will be required in order to obtain certification. Although timeframes may vary somewhat from province to province, the review process generally takes approximately 3 – 4 months after all documentation is received. Once the review is completed, the provincial association sends the applicant a formal report of the review. In the majority of provincial jurisdictions, any existing deficiencies or gaps in academic or work experience are identified and a personalized program outlining courses or work experience needed to obtain certification are defined.
When all the requirements identified in the file review report are met, the provincial association informs the candidate of his or her new status as a certified member. The new status allows members to automatically become eligible for all benefits reserved for certified members. This includes the right to use one of the protected professional titles and designations applicable to the provincial association in question.
Preparing For Employment Success Before You Arrive
Planning and preparing for your new career as much as possible before arriving in Canada is highly recommended. Be sure you understand the provincial job market and specific professional requirements of your occupation. You may be able to start or complete many of these tasks before you arrive in Canada. The following sections provide information and suggestions for getting started to ensure your success upon arrival in Canada.
If you have a background in applied science or engineering technology you should try a self-assessment now to see how your education, skills and experience match Canadian requirements for certification. A self-assessment tool is accessible on the CTIN and Technology Registrations Canada websites. The self- assessment is free of charge and can be taken as many times as necessary. Should you decide to apply for certification prior to your arrival the results of the self- assessment may be saved as part of your formal application for certification in Canada. Take the self-assessment now and find out how your skills and experience compare to Canadian benchmarks.
International Qualification Assessment (IQA)
The International Qualifications Assessment (IQA) is an independent Canadian equivalency assessment of academic credentials for people trained outside of Canada. The IQA program evaluates the level and type of credential obtained by prospective immigrants and new arrivals to Canada who have received overseas academic training in the areas of applied science & engineering technology.
The IQA compares international credentials to Canadian criteria using procedures that are clear and consistent with the “Guiding Principles for Good Practice in the Assessment of Foreign Credentials” as published by ACESC, taking into account the diversity of educational traditions around the world.
The program offers internationally-trained technology professionals with a cost-effective means to have their credentials assessed against Canadian criteria. The IQA can provide a competitive advantage when approaching Canadian employers. After successful completion of an IQA, prospective immigrants and new arrivals to Canada are able to demonstrate to prospective employers how their overseas training compares with Technician and Technologist level training in Canada. This can be important differentiator for job seekers in legitimizing their skills and for employers seeking to verify the academic training of internationally-trained applicants For more information on the IQA program visit www.cctt.ca
The Canadian Immigrant Integration Program
The Canadian government also provides employment and settlement services overseas through its offices located in China, India, the Philippines and the United Kingdom. These services are made available through the Canadian Immigrant Integration Program. For more information about these pre-arrival services visit: www.newcomersuccess.ca/index.php/en/about-ciipphp/en/about-ciip
Other General Preparation
- Research Your Occupation. Know the name of the specific job or jobs in Canada that you are pursuing and make lists of potential employers using on-line resources and contacts.
- Collect Necessary Documentation. Collect copies of relevant documents, and if necessary, have them translated into English in your home country as this is often much less expensive than translation in Canada. You should bring:
- Degrees, diplomas or certificates from universities, colleges or schools
- Program descriptions related to your studies, and transcripts of grades
- Reference letters and performance reviews from employers
- Work descriptions and letters from professional agencies
- Strengthen Your Workplace Skills. You may need to improve your technical skills or knowledge before you start work in Canada. Explore all of the resources provided in this guide and be sure to visit the CTIN.CA website for more detailed information.
Canadian Language Requirements
Canada has two official languages: English and French. Depending on where you decide to live, you may be required to work in English, French, or in both languages. You should become familiar with the requirements for your occupation in the province where you want to work. Provincial requirements for certification usually include a language assessment.
You will need to have a good grasp of industry and technical terminology and be able to interact in English or French to be able to communicate with your employer and co-workers. In order to work effectively in the engineering technology sector it is recommended that you should have reached a minimum English proficiency level of CLB 7 (Canadian Language Benchmarks: www.language.ca).
Depending upon your language skills, you may need to enroll in training or upgrading programs. Many of the training programs have language level requirements and each may vary in the types of tests they accept and the minimum scores required. Visit the Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks, provided by Citizenship and Immigration Canada to test your English or French proficiency.
Explore Canada’s Diverse Labour Market
Canada is an extremely large country and depending on your skills you could be working in a variety of different provinces or regions in Canada. Petroleum engineering technicians and technologists for example might find work in the provinces of Alberta, Newfoundland, Ontario and Quebec which either have significant petroleum reserves or refining capabilities. Food technicians and technologists by comparison are more likely to find work in regional food processing centres located in a variety of provinces including Prince Edward Island, Ontario or Saskatchewan.
Before deciding where to land in Canada you should carefully review the attributes of Canada’s different provinces, their location, their unique labour markets and fully understand the types of industries and employment opportunities located in each.
To learn more about your chosen profession, regional labour markets and employment opportunities, visit the following websites where you will find a wealth of information including salaries, regional employment opportunities, job descriptions, and more.
- Canadian Technology Immigration Network
- Working in Canada Tool
- Citizenship and Immigration Canada – Skilled Worker Program
- Job Bank Canada
Getting Help with Your Job Search — The Role of Settlement Organizations
Finding a job in Canada may be very different than in your home country. You may need help finding job vacancies, updating your resume, writing a cover letter, preparing for interviews, and understanding what Canadian employers are looking for. Settlement services are for newcomers to Canada. Settlement organizations provide services and programs to help newcomers. They include:
- Help learning language skills
- Searching for jobs
- Starting businesses
- Exploring new careers
- Finding educational opportunities
- Getting documents translated
- Accessing information about community services, schools, healthcare
- Making new friends and feel more at home
Most programs are free of charge and often services are available in different languages. Sometimes settlement and language programs are offered by organizations such as libraries, schools, colleges and universities. In addition to the services listed above, many settlement agencies will offer services tailored specifically to assisting newcomers with technology skills. Services offered include:
- Helping understand licensure requirements
- Introductions to employers and employer networks
- Helping identify transferable skills
- Assistance with technical resume preparation
- Access to programs to help get Canadian work experience
- Mentoring programs
Establishing a Network and Building Connections Within Your Profession
In Canada, the majority of job vacancies are not advertised. Get advice and contacts for potential employment from people you may know in Canada, including relatives, friends or neighbours. Working as a volunteer, attending events, and joining clubs and associations are often good ways to meet people, to learn about Canadian workplace culture, to and improve your English/French language and communication skills.
As identified previously, each Canadian province has a technology association responsible for certifying and registering technology professionals and ensuring that their members maintain defined standards of practice. A list of Canada’s provincial technology associations is provided below. You should contact the appropriate association based on the province in which you intend to reside:
British Columbia: http://www.asttbc.org/
Newfoundland & Labrador: http://www.aettnl.com/
Nova Scotia: http://www.technova.ca/
Prince Edward Island: http://www.techpei.ca/
New Brunswick: http://www.nbscett.nb.ca/
Register with the Canadian Technology Immigration Network (CTIN)
The Canadian Technology Immigration Network (CTIN) is a one-stop source for career information, programs and assistance to support your successful entry into Canada’s technology professions.CTIN has been developed with the specific goal of assisting internationally-trained engineering technology professionals in having their credentials recognized and finding successful employment in Canada.
CTIN’s national network of partners includes provincial regulatory bodies, provincial government immigration departments, community colleges, immigrant settlement organizations and immigrant employment councils. Working together in each province of Canada, CTIN’s partners provide assistance to internationally-trained technology professionals prior to their arrival and after their landing in Canada to help increase their chances of employment success.
To access the many services offered by CTIN it is recommended that you register with the network. When you register the on-line system notifies CTIN partners in the province that you are planning to settle in of your plans to come to Canada, or if you are already here, that you are actively seeking assistance on the path to finding employment in your chosen technology profession. All information you provide to CTIN will remain confidential and will only be shared with the CTIN partners to advance your preparation and employment success.
Register with CTIN today and begin preparing for your successful technology career in Canada!